Whenever you start your computer, you are faced with a few moments of thumb twiddling while Windows XP boots and prompts you to log on. Although you should expect to wait for a few moments, sometimes Windows XP seems to boot rather slowly. In fact, you may notice that over a period of time the PC that used to roar to life seems a bit sluggish instead. Fortunately, you can perform several techniques that help Windows XP get the boot-up speed you want. This chapter explores how to put these techniques to work.
Stop Any Un-needed Start up Services
Along with the core operating system and programs that Windows XP runs when it starts, there is also a host of services involved. Many of these services are necessary for Windows XP to operate correctly. However, many of them are for features in Windows XP that you may not use at all. You can peruse the services and disable any service that you do not want to run. The fewer services that run, the more quickly Windows XP will boot.
Exercise caution when stopping services. If you do not know what a service does or are unsure of the ramifications of stopping the service, leave it alone. Some services are critical to Windows XP's operations, so make sure you understand what the service is before you disable it. To reduce the number of services that start on boot-up, you can access two different areas of Windows XP. The first is the System Configuration Utility. The Services tab shows you the services that start when the computer boots.
You can stop a service from starting by simply clearing the check box next to the service and clicking OK. However, before you do so, there is another way to disable services that you may prefer because the interface gives you more information about the service in question.
Open Control Panel/Administrative Tools Services or else select Start/Run, type services.msc, and click OK. Either way, you see the Services console. I prefer to use the Services console instead of the System Configuration Utility because it describes what the service does. Additionally, you can double-click a service and examine its properties.
Notice the Start up Type column in Figure 4-2. This information lists whether the service is automatic or manual. Manual services are only started in Windows XP when you start a process that requires the service. Some other process may require the service that has a "dependency" relationship with it; in this case, the dependency service will start, as well. Because these services do not start automatically when you boot Windows XP, you do not need to do anything with manual services.
However, all services listed as automatic start when Windows XP boots. These are the services that increase boot time. As I have mentioned, many of them are necessary and important, so you should not stop automatic services from booting unless you are sure of the ramifications. You can get this information by looking at the Description column. Here's a quick look at common services you may want to live without: -Alerter - Disable it unless you are a system admin and have subscribed for administrative alerts -Application Management - Disable it unless you are in a domain. -Automatic Updates: This service enables Windows XP to check the Web automatically for updates. If you don't want to use Automatic Updates, you can disable the service. You can always check for updates manually at the Windows Update Web site. -Background Intelligent Transfer Service - If you have disabled Automatic Update and you don't have any application that uses BITS (Most likely you don't have), disable it. -Computer Browser: If your computer is not on a network, you don't need this service. If you are on a network, leave it alone. -DHCP Client: If you are not on a network, you do not need this service. If you are on a small workgroup, you can still increase boot time by configuring manual IP addresses (which I explore later in this chapter). -Distributed Link Tracking Client - Disable it unless there are Distributed Link Tracking Servers in your network. -Distributed Transaction Coordinator - Disable it unless you connect to a SQL Server. -DNS Client: If you are not on a network, you do not need this service. If you are, leave it alone. -Error Reporting and Event Log: You don't have to use these services but they can be very helpful, so I would leave them configured as automatic. -Fast User Switching Compatibility - If you don't want to use welcome screen or fast user switching, disable it. -Fax: If you don't use your computer for fax services, you can disable this one. -Help and Support: If you never use the Windows XP Help and Support Center (found on the Start menu), you can disable this service. -IMAPI CD-Burning COM: This service enables you to burn CDs on your computer. If you never burn CDs, you can disable the service. -Indexing Service: Your computer keeps an index of files but if you rarely search for files, the service is just a resource hog. You can stop it and turn the service to manual. -Infrared Monitor: If you do not use infrared devices, you can disable this service. -IPSEC Services - If you don't have a site-to-site VPN in place, disable it. If you are home user and you don't know what is a site-to-site VPN, then you don't have it. -Messenger: This service sends alert messages on a local area network (it is not the same as Windows Messenger). If you are not on a network, you can disable this service. -Mcrosft Security Center - (XP Service Pack 2 Only) Disable it if you are experienced enough to keep track of your computer's Anti-Virus/Firewall/Automatic Update. -Print Spooler: If you do not do any printing from the computer, you can disable this service. If you print, make sure you leave it as automatic. -Remote Registry: This service allows remote users to modify the Registry on your computer. If you are not on a network, you can disable this service. -System Restore Service: This service allows you to use System Restore. If you have turned off System Restore anyway, you do not need to turn off the service. If you do, you turn off System Restore. -Terminal Services - If you don't use Remote Desktop/Remote Assistant and are not connected to a terminal server in a domain network, disable it. -Themes: If you do not use themes, you can disable this service. -Windows Audio - For server system or administration system which don't need events to be alerted with voice. -Windows Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing: If you do not use these features, you can disable them. -Windows Image Acquisition: If you do not use scanners or digital cameras, you can disable this service. -Windows Time - If you don't want to update your computer's time from intenet or a time server, disable it. -Wireless Zero Configuration: If do not use wireless networking devices, you can disable this service.
You may have a number of other automatic services, depending on software and other configurations on your computer. So it's a good idea to look through the services and learn more about them. If you double-click a service, a Properties dialog box appears Notice that on the General tab, you see a Start up Type drop-down menu. If you want to change an automatic service to manual, select Manual here and click OK. As a general rule, don't disable a service unless you are sure you will never use it. However, manual configuration allows the service to be started when you find it necessary, thus speeding up your boot time.
However, before you change a service to manual, look at the Dependencies tab (see Figure 4-4). This tab shows you which other services depend upon the service you are considering changing.
Keep in mind that services are necessary for the vast functionality you get with Windows XP. Change only those services that you understand and do not use. How you use your Windows XP computer should be the best guide in terms of optional start up services.
Tip: The Indexing service and the System Restore service take up a lot of disk space and system resources across the board. You can live without the Indexing service but I suggest that you keep using System Restore. It works great when you are in a bind and this is one case where the loss of speed may not be worth the ramifications of not using System Restore.
Speed Tips and Tricks for Windows XP Start up
Aside from start up programs, services, and the Prefetch folder, there are a number of other start up procedures and issues you can modify to help Windows XP start faster. The following sections explore those tips and tricks.
Manual IP Addressing on Small Office/Home Networks
Windows XP is configured to help you take care of networking. It uses the TCP/IP protocol for networking in workgroups, or what you might call small office or home networks that do not use a dedicated server.
The problem is that automatic IP addressing can be slow. When your computer boots, it has to query the network to see what IP addresses are already in use and then assign itself one. If you want to speed up the boot time a bit, consider manually assigning IP addresses to all computers on the network. This way, the network computers do not have to worry about locating an automatic IP address. Because one is manually configured, the operating system doesn't have to spend time solving this problem.
This isn't a networking book, however, so I won't delve into the implications of using a manual IP address, but if you are using a computer that functions as a host computer to the Internet (using Internet Connection Sharing [ICS]), you can get into connectivity problems if you change the configuration of the IP address. However, you can still work around this problem by starting with the ICS host computer.
Select Start/Connect To/Show All Connections. Right-click your network adapter card and click Properties. On the General tab, select TCP/IP in the list of services and click the Properties button.In the TCP/IP properties, you can see if you use an automatic or manual IP address. In the example in Figure 4-5, I have configured a manual IP address of 18.104.22.168 and a default subnet mask. The other computers on my office network each use a different IP address in the same class, such as 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52, and so on. This way, each computer has a permanent IP address, which helps increase boot time. Note that if you change the IP addresses of your computers, they must all use the same subnet mask. A default subject mask of 255.255.255.0 will keep you in good shape.
Make sure you understand the implications of changing IP addresses on your network. If you have no networking experience at all, you may be wiser to leave the automatic IP addressing as is and try to gain some speed using the additional suggestions in this chapter.
Disable Recent Documents History
Windows XP includes a feature that keeps track of all recent documents you have opened or used. The idea is that you can select Start/Recent Documents History and quickly reopen any document you have recently used. I use many documents each day and never use the feature myself. In my opinion, I can keep up with what I want to use without Windows XP doing it for me.The bad thing about Recent Documents History is that Windows XP has to calculate what should be put there each time you boot Windows, which can slow things down. So, if you never use the Recent Documents History, it's a good idea to disable it. Here's how:
- Open the Registry Editor (select Start/Run, type regedit, and click OK).
- Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMcftWindows CurrentVersionPoliciesExplorer.
- Create a NoRecentDocsHistory D_WORD key. Double-click the value to open it once it is created.
- Set the Data Value to 1 to enable the restriction.
- Click OK and close the Registry Editor. You'll need to restart the computer for the change to take effect.
Disable the Boot Logo
You can remove the boot logo that appears when you start Windows XP. This little tweak probably shaves only a few seconds off your boot time but seconds count if you are serious about trying to get Windows XP up and running as quickly as possible. The only negative is that if you remove the boot logo, you will also not see any boot messages, such as check disk. (But if you are not having problems with your computer, this isn't such a big deal.) To remove the boot logo, follow these steps:
- Select Start/Run, type msconfig, and click OK.
- In the System Configuration Utility, click the BOOT.INI tab.
- On the BOOT.INI tab, click the NOGUIBOOT check box option. Click OK.
Remove Unwanted Fonts
One trick that increases your boot time a bit is to lose any fonts in the Fonts folder in Control Panel that you never use. The more fonts you have, the more processing Windows XP has to do to prep all of those fonts for use. You must be a bit careful here to not remove fonts that you might want, but there is a good chance that you can live without many of them. For instance, you may have foreign language fonts and other symbol fonts (such as Wingdings) that you never use. To delete unneeded fonts, follow these steps:
- Open the Fonts folder in Control Panel.
- Select Edit/Select All and then Edit/Copy.
- Create a new folder on your desktop, open it, and select Edit/Paste.
- In this new folder, delete any of the fonts you do not want.
- Return to the Fonts folder in Control Panel. Right-click the selected fonts and click Delete.
- Go back to your new desktop folder and click Edit/Select All.
- Return to your Fonts folder and click Edit/Paste. You now have only the desired fonts in the Fonts folder.
You can directly delete fonts from the Fonts folder without creating the secondary folder. However, I recommend the preceding steps to help ensure that you do not make a mistake in the deletion process.
Stop the Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop Sharing
In Windows XP Professional, you have two remote networking features called Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop Sharing. These remote networking features are very helpful in a variety of situations but if you don't use them, it is good idea to disable them to save boot time. You can always enable them later if you want to use them.
Note: If you are interested in using Remote Desktop or Remote Assistance, see my book Windows XP for Power Users: Power Pack published by John Wiley & Sons.
- Open the Start menu, right-click My Computer, and choose Properties.
- Click the Remote Tab.
- Clear both check boxes to disable Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop.
Speeding Up the Dual-Boot Timeout.
If you dual-boot your computer with Windows XP and another operating system, you see an operating system selection menu on startup. If you typically boot into Windows XP and not the other operating system, you can speed up the dual-boot timeout value so that you do not wait so long for the boot process to select your default operating system and continue with the boot process. The default timeout value is 30 seconds but you can change this setting to 10. This gives you enough time to select the alternate operating system if you want but also speeds up the boot process. You can skip this section if you do not use a dual-boot configuration.
Follow these steps:
- Locate the boot.ini file on your computer. It is a hidden file by default; mine is located in C:boot.ini.
- Open the file with Notepad (which is what opens it by default).
- Change the Timeout value to 10 (see Figure 4-11).
- Select File/Save and close Notepad.
Speeding Up Your PPPoE Connection
If you use a Point-to-Point Protocol connection over Ethernet (PPPoE), you may notice a delay in using the PPPoE connection after startup. By default, there is a 120 second delay but you can stop this behavior by manually configuring an IP address for the network adapter card. If you do not use a PPPoE connection, you can skip this section.
- Select Start/Connect to/Show All Connections.
- Open the TCP/IP properties for your LAN network interface card.
- Manually set the IP address on the TCP/IP properties to an appropriate IP address and subnet mask for your network.
Reduce the Wait Time
When you start to shut down Windows XP, it has to quit, or "kill," any live applications or processes that are currently running. So close all applications first. However, some applications and processes are always running in the background. You can reduce the amount of time that Windows XP waits for those applications and processes to close before Windows XP kills them. Edit three different Registry settings to change this:
- Open the Registry Editor.
- Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop. Select WaitToKillAppTimeout and set the value to 1000.
- Select the HungAppTimeout value and set it to 1000 as well.
- Navigate to HKEY_USERS.DEFAULTControl PanelDesktop. Set the WaitToKillAppTimeout and set the value to 1000. Select the HungAppTimeout newline value and set it to 1000 as well.
- Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESystemCurrentControlSetControl. Select the WaitToKillServiceTimeout value and set it to 1000.
- Close the Registry Editor.
Automatically Killing Tasks on Shutdown
You know the drill. You start to shut down the computer, you wait a few moments, and then you see a dialog box asking if you want to kill an application or service that is running. Instead of prompting you, you can make Windows XP take care of the kill task automatically. Here's how:
- Open the Registry Editor.
- Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop.
- Highlight the value AutoEndTasks and change the value to 1.
- Close the Registry Editor.